lungs cancer featured image

Cancer

LUNG CANCER

It is a type of cancer that starts from the lungs. Your lungs are organs present in the chest that inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide. It is the main leading cause of death throughout the world.

Individuals who tend to smoke have a higher risk of getting lung cancer as compared to those who never smoked.

CAUSES

Lung cancer may occur in individuals who smoke but also occur in individuals who did not smoke but are exposed to passive smoking for a long time.

SYMPTOMS

  • Weight loss
  • Pain in bones
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Problem when swallowing
  • Swelling in face
  • Wheezing
  • Discomfort
  • Headache
  • Cough that is new and does not go away.
  • Blood in coughing
lungs cancer-symptoms

WHEN TO SEE DOCTOR

When your symptoms get worsen and you are unable to quit smoking, your doctor will help you to make strategies that quit smoking

RISK FACTORS

  • Exposure to passive smoking, radon gas, asbestos, and carcinogens.
  • Family history.
  • Smoking.

COMPLICATIONS

  • Blood in coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pleural effusion
  • Cancer that spreads to other parts of the body also.
lungs cancer-complications

DIAGNOSIS

  • Family history
  • Physical exam
  • Medical history including the symptoms
  • Lab tests, including the blood and sputum
  • Biopsy of lungs

PREVENTION

  • Don’t Smoke.
  • If you are a smoker and try to quit smoking, this reduces the chances of lung cancer.
  • If you work or live with a second-hand smoker then urge him or her to smoke outside, this is because passive smoking in long run may cause cancer.
  • Have a test for radon in your house.
  • Take precautionary measures and protect yourself from toxic chemicals.
  • Take care of your diet. Eat a diet that contains the proper proportion of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
  • Avoid taking a large amount of vitamins pills as this may turn harmful in long term.
  • Make a habit of doing exercise for two to three days a week.
how to prevent lung cancer

TREATMENT

Lung cancer treatment depends on its severity which includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, laser therapy, etc.

If your symptoms are getting worsen consult doctor as soon as possible.

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