Today is World Malaria Day and the World Health Organization (WHO) is calling for a renewed commitment to fight this disease. Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease that is spread by mosquitoes and kills an average of 400,000 people each year. WHO’s goal is to reduce malaria deaths by 90% and to make Malaria a thing of the past. Malaria is a disease that can be prevented. If you are traveling to areas where malaria is common, protect yourself against mosquitoes by using insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants, sleeping in air-conditioned or screened rooms, and making sure that you use a mosquito net while sleeping.
World Malaria Day is observed on April 25 each year and is aimed at raising global awareness of malaria and the steps needed to eradicate it. The day is organized by the World Health Organization (WHO) and marks the anniversary of the signing of the Roll Back Malaria Declaration in 2007, by leaders from over 130 countries. Malaria control is one of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), with the target to reduce malaria deaths by 75 percent by the year 2015. This is a target that we are not on track to meet, with an estimated number of 627,000 malaria deaths in 2012. The Green Ribbon campaign has been launched by the WHO to help fight malaria by raising funds to help combat the disease.
The disease is transmitted by the Anopheles species of mosquito. Malaria is commonly known as “the shakes” or “the ague” due to periodic spasms in a malaria sufferer’s muscles. Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever, headache, vomiting, and an achy feeling. Malaria infection is known as “the shakes”, “the ague”, or “the fever” because of the intense series of shivering and chills that follow the fever. Malaria is typically diagnosed by the presence of malaria parasites in the blood. The main species of the malaria parasite is Plasmodium falciparum.
Malaria is a disease that kills about half a million people every year. It’s caused by a parasite that lives in mosquitos and is spread by the bites of infected mosquitos. Before the anti-malaria drugs were discovered, malaria was endemic in certain areas of the world. This means that most people who lived in these areas were exposed to it and got it at some point. Today, malaria is still very common in some countries. The most affected areas are sub-Saharan Africa and parts of Asia and Latin America.