angina

Angina (Heart Condition)

Introduction

  • When the flow of the blood to the muscles of the heart decreases, it results in tightness and pain in the chest, this is angina or chest pain.
  • Angina is itself not a disease but a symptom of coronary artery disease.
  • If this condition remains for a very long period there are chances that a heart attack may occur.
  • The pain not only stays in the chest but also moves towards the shoulder, neck, and back region.

Signs and symptoms

  1. Heavy pressure feeling in the chest.
  2. One feels tired along with low energy, so the person does not perform daily life activities actively.
  3. The person feels difficulty in breathing because a low amount of oxygen is going towards heart tissues.
  4. Sweating during the night is also common in patients having heart issues.
  5. The patient feels pain in the lower chest or abdomen region.
  6. The patient also feels sleepy.

Causes

BLOCKAGE OF BLOOD VESSEL :

If the blood vessel that supplies oxygen to the heart muscles is blocked due to the clot formation, a sufficient amount of blood does not move towards the heart hence chest pain occurs.

SWELLING OF SAC :

A sac-like structure (known as pericardium) surrounds and protects the heart, its swelling compresses the heart and results in chest pain.

DAMAGE OF ARTERY :

Aorta is the blood vessel (largest artery) that supplies heart muscles, its wear and tear are also one of the reason.

ENLARGED HEART MUSCLES :

This causes pain and pressure like sensations in the chest.

If a fewer number of red blood cells are present, they do not carry enough oxygen to the tissue hence heart does not get enough oxygen and results in chest pain.

Risk Factors

  1. High sugar level promotes blood clot formation which narrows the blood vessel that supplies the heart and results in heart-related problems.
  2. If a person has a family history of heart problems i.e. in parents or siblings then he has a greater chance of having a heart attack.
  3. A sedentary or inactive lifestyle increases the fats level, increased blood pressure, and increased sugar level. Proper exercise and physical activity are necessary to control all the vitals of the body in the normal range. 
  4. Taking too much stress can increase the blood pressure levels in the blood which narrows down arteries and promotes chest pain.
  5. Men in older ages above 45 are more likely to have heart issues rather than women who are prone to have heart disease above 55.
  6. Smoking also damages the arteries and swollen them 
  7. Increased weight of the body along with physical inactivity is one of the prominent factors. To lower this risk one must do a physical activity so that the extra calories rather than depositing burns out by giving energy.
  8. Our diet must contain a proper proportion of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, and vitamins which are present in fruits and vegetables. Improper proportion leads to heart-related disorders.

Preventions

  1. If you are a smoker stop smoking as early as possible to lower the risk of disease.
  2. A proper exercise plan promotes physical as well as mental health which not only reduces the risk factors but also reduces the chest pain and other symptoms in heart patients
  3. Manage stress by listing out all the problems and checking what maximum bad can happen. In this way, you can have control over all of your fears.
  4. Also, practice positive thinking and doings in daily routine, this has a positive effect on mental as well as physical health in long run.
  5. Keep a check and balance of your weight. Too much weight gain or weight loss is harmful to the body as it increases the risk of other disorders along with heart issues.
  6. Eat a healthy diet including fruits, vegetable proteins, nuts, fishes, grains, etc.

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