- It is an excessive or abnormal accumulation of fats in the body that affects health.
- It is related to little movement or physical inactivity.
- It may be due to environmental or genetic factors.
- It is manageable and treatable.
- Medications such as anti-depressants and steroids.
- Older age
- Not enough sleep
- Genetic factor
- Diet rich in carbohydrates.
- Drinking too many sugary drinks including soft drinks etc.
- Hypothyroidism (decreased thyroid gland activity).
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Cushing’s syndrome
Abdominal obesity or Central obesity
- In this condition, excessive fat is deposited in the abdomen or stomach region.
- Fat accumulation may prove dangerous because here vital organs are present.
- It can develop asthma because the muscles become and the airway becomes narrower.
- It is an accumulation of fats excessively in the hips, thigh, or buttock regions.
- Obesity in women causes changes in the reproductive cycles and increases the chances of infertility.
- It also increases the chances of polycystic ovarian syndrome and makes ovulation infrequent.
Complications of obesity
- Heart disease
- Increased blood pressure
- Breast or colon cancer
- Increased cholesterol level
- Breathing difficulties
- Intolerance to insulin
- Type 2 diabetes
- Gall bladder disease
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Obesity puts pressure on the internal organs.
- Increases inflammation.
- Pain and stiffness in the joint.
- Thickening and discoloration of the skin folds.
- Weakened bones and muscles increase the risk of fractures and disability
- Breathing difficulties for a while at night.
- Excessive fats deposit around the liver which causes liver damage or even failure.
- Being overweight stops the flow of blood to the brain. This results in depression, lower self-esteem, and a complex about body images.
- Reduce the intake of a diet that is rich in calories.
- Increased daily activity and exercise program about 250-300 minutes a week will help you in increasing strength and metabolism.
- Eat healthy food containing an appropriate amount of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
- Drink about 8-12 glasses of water daily.
- For children, behavioral and lifestyle changes are the most preferred ones to lose weight.
- Make a healthy eating plan that suits you and works best for you.
- Do moderate exercise like swimming, walking, or biking for about 20 to 30 minutes every day.
- Try to eat low fat and low-calorie food.
- Eat well nutritious food like vegetables, food, proteins, and whole grain.
- Non-Clinical weight management programs range from website to books can guide you and helps you out in maintaining a normal weight.
- Eat food in smaller proportions.
- Do moderate-intensity exercises to manage your weight.