• It is an excessive or abnormal accumulation of fats in the body that affects health.
  • It is related to little movement or physical inactivity.
  • It may be due to environmental or genetic factors.
  • It is manageable and treatable.


  • Overeating
  • Medications such as anti-depressants and steroids.
  • Older age
  • Not enough sleep
  • Pregnancy
  • Genetic factor
  • Diet rich in carbohydrates.
  • Drinking too many sugary drinks including soft drinks etc.

Medical Reasons

  • Hypothyroidism (decreased thyroid gland activity).
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Osteoarthritis


Abdominal obesity or Central obesity

  • In this condition, excessive fat is deposited in the abdomen or stomach region.
  • Fat accumulation may prove dangerous because here vital organs are present.
  • It can develop asthma because the muscles become and the airway becomes narrower.

Peripheral Obesity

  • It is an accumulation of fats excessively in the hips, thigh, or buttock regions.
  • Obesity in women causes changes in the reproductive cycles and increases the chances of infertility.
  • It also increases the chances of polycystic ovarian syndrome and makes ovulation infrequent.

Complications of obesity

  • Heart disease
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Breast or colon cancer
  • Increased cholesterol level
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Infertility
  • Arthritis
  • Intolerance to insulin
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Gall bladder disease
  • Chronic kidney disease.
  • Obesity puts pressure on the internal organs.
  • Increases inflammation.
  • Pain and stiffness in the joint.
  • Thickening and discoloration of the skin folds.
  • Weakened bones and muscles increase the risk of fractures and disability
  • Stroke
  • Breathing difficulties for a while at night.
  • Excessive fats deposit around the liver which causes liver damage or even failure.
  • Being overweight stops the flow of blood to the brain. This results in depression, lower self-esteem, and a complex about body images.


  • Reduce the intake of a diet that is rich in calories.
  • Increased daily activity and exercise program about 250-300 minutes a week will help you in increasing strength and metabolism.
  • Eat healthy food containing an appropriate amount of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
  • Drink about 8-12 glasses of water daily.
  • For children, behavioral and lifestyle changes are the most preferred ones to lose weight.
  • Make a healthy eating plan that suits you and works best for you.
  • Do moderate exercise like swimming, walking, or biking for about 20 to 30 minutes every day.
  • Try to eat low fat and low-calorie food.
  • Eat well nutritious food like vegetables, food, proteins, and whole grain.
  • Non-Clinical weight management programs range from website to books can guide you and helps you out in maintaining a normal weight.
  • Eat food in smaller proportions.
  • Do moderate-intensity exercises to manage your weight.

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