world AIDS day

World AIDS Day

1 Dec 2021 News

World AIDS Day has given to consciousness of the AIDS pandemic unfurl by the spread of HIV disease, and to grieving individuals who have passed on of un wellness. Associate in Nursing calculable forty million folks worldwide have died of AIDS since 1981, Associate in Nursing a calculable thirty-seven million reside with HIV, creating it one among the foremost vital international public health problems in recorded history. Despite recent enhancements in treatment, the AIDS epidemic still claims Associate in Nursing calculable 2 million lives annually, of that over 250,000 area unit kids.


The day is a chance for everybody around the world to return along within the fight against the malady and change commonality to support those stricken by HIV, still, as to keep in mind those that lost their lives to the current sickness.

The idea to look at World AIDS Day was planned to form the foremost of a media gap between the U.S. presidential elections of 1988 and Xmas. broadcaster James Bunn, United Nations agency had recently taken a post at the globe Health Organization, believed that once a year of election campaigns, the general public would be drawn to coverage of AIDS on air. at the side of his colleague Thomas Netter, Bunn assessed Dec one because the ideal date for the observance and spent the subsequent sixteen months coming up with and capital punishment the inaugural event.

From 1996 forward, the observance of World AIDS Day was confiscated by the world organization Program on HIV/AIDS, increasing the campaign to Associate in Nursing annual education and hindrance campaign. the globe AIDS Campaign was registered as a non-profit-making organization in 2004 within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.


Wear a red ribbon

Wearing a red ribbon in your overlap is that the foremost loosely recognized suggests that of showing your support on World AIDS Day. Red symbolizes blood, and conjointly the pain caused by the illness, anger regarding world inaction to fight the epidemic, a warning to want the illness seriously, and a brand of tenderness, passion, and tolerance towards those suffering from the illness. Check online to go looking out for a ribbon supplier that supports a charitable cause.

Donate to an AIDS charity

There are a unit a bunch of national and international nonprofits dedicated to fighting the malady and issues related to its unfold. Check online and take into account whether or not you’d prefer to support a corporation within U.S. wherever deaths are declining since the mid-1990s however infection continues to affect thousands of individuals annually, or maybe a corporation centered on infection in the geographic region, wherever Adult HIV Prevalence has reached one in twenty folks and one.2 million folks die of HIV/AIDS annually.

Attend a candlelight vigil

Most major cities within the U.S. host light vigils on World AIDS Day as to how of visual ceremony those lost to the sickness and vowing to fight it within the future. Check online to search out a vigil close to you and head on to indicate your support. Don’t forget to share your expertise on social media to make sure that the concept is dropped at the front of mind for your friends, and to demonstrate your support.


AIDS impacts everyone

In its early years, some criticized World AIDS Day for specializing in kids. HIV/AIDS is that the leading explanation for death among ladies of generative age, globally, and of 1.8 million new HIV infections in 2016, forty-third were among ladies.

Getting to zero

In 2016, new infections among young ladies aged fifteen to twenty-four were a quarter-mile beyond they were among men within the same age bracket, which suggests the status of AIDS-related deaths of male celebrities. World AIDS Day seeks to challenge those perceptions and shield everybody.

Equalizing access to treatment

International AIDS funding began to fall for the primary time in 2015, but still, but 1/2 of those affected by HIV/AIDS have access to anti-retroviral treatment across the planet. It’s ne’er been additional necessary to draw attention to the inequalities in treatment, to prevent its unfold once and for all.

Depression with psychotic featured image

Depression with psychotic

25 Nov 2021 News


Depression with psychotic features is when someone experiences both depression and psychosis. Psychosis refers to a disconnection from reality and may include symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions. Major depression with psychotic features is also sometimes referred to as psychotic depression. It is a grave illness characterized by a combination of unipolar major depressive symptoms and psychosis. This form of depression is an underdiagnosed and undertreated condition.

We focus here on unipolar depression, so the term major depression refers to a major depressive episode and not bipolar disorder. People must remember that psychosis is a symptom of particular mental health conditions, not a disorder in itself.

Experiencing psychosis can be frightening and confusing, and psychosis can present in a variety of ways. This article will discuss how specialists diagnose depression with psychosis, as well as outlining treatment options and steps to recovery.

What is depression with psychosis?

Psychotic depression is an underdiagnosed form of depression. Major depression is one of the most common mental health conditions in the United States. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), an estimated 4.3 percent of adults in the United States had at least one major depressive episode in 2016.

Depression with psychosis is when a person has depression and also experiences a disconnection from reality, which is called psychosis. Experts also refer to depression with psychosis as depression with psychotic features. Major depression affects mood, behavior, and various physical functions, such as sleep and appetite.

depression effect

The symptoms of major depression include:

The major symptoms of depression are loss of interest in once pleasurable activities, changes in appetite and sleep, such as sleeping too much or too little, difficulty concentrating making decisions and remembering things recurrent thoughts of death or suicide.

Psychosis means that a person feels disconnected from reality. It occurs when someone experiences things that are not reality, such as hallucinations or delusions.

Symptoms of psychosis include:

  • Delusions: also known as false beliefs or false perceptions.
  • Hallucinations: or seeing or hearing things that are not present.
  • Paranoia: is the feeling that you’re being threatened in some way.

Diagnosing depression with psychosis changes in a person’s sleep pattern can be a symptom of depression.

common symptoms of depression


Typically, a doctor will prescribe an antidepressant, antipsychotic, or a combination of both. There is some debate around the best treatment process for psychotic depression, particularly regarding first- and second-line treatments.

First-line treatment usually involves a combination of antidepressant and antipsychotic medications, or monotherapy, which refers to the use of either antidepressants or antipsychotics alone. Doctors typically reserve electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for second-line treatment, and specialists may use it if different medications have not helped to alleviate symptoms. Psychotherapy, or talking therapies, can also help people, as a supplemental treatment for depression with psychosis.


A psychiatrist may prescribe a combination of antidepressant and antipsychotic medications. Different antidepressants affect different neurotransmitter pathways. Common forms of these drugs include serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs).

Doctors often prescribe antidepressants alongside first- or second-generation antipsychotics. Research suggests that the combination of antidepressant and antipsychotic medications is more effective than either of the two medications alone.

Some antidepressant and antipsychotic combination treatments include:

  • Venlafaxine (Effexor) and Quetiapine (Seroquel)
  • Sertraline (Zoloft) and Zyprexa (Olanzapine)
  • Fluoxetine (Prozac) and Zyprexa (Olanzapine)
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a medical procedure performed under anesthesia, in which a doctor, usually a psychiatrist, applies electrical currents to a person’s head, inducing a generalized seizure in the brain. The treating prescriber may refer a person to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) if they do not respond to medication-based treatments. Electroconvulsive therapy is a safe and effective treatment for people with psychotic depression.

Steps to recovery

Psychosis can lead a person to hold a distorted view of what others perceive to be reality. The delusions or hallucinations associated with psychotic depression can lead to a medical emergency, which needs immediate medical attention.

A person may need to spend some time in the hospital, followed by an inpatient or outpatient treatment program.

Treatments focus on reducing or managing symptoms. Currently, no treatments can entirely cure psychotic depression. This means that people will usually need on-going treatment.


If people follow a treatment program, the long-term outlook for depression with psychosis is good. Medication or ECT can help manage even the most severe symptoms of psychotic depression.

Although treatments can reduce psychotic and depressive symptoms, they can also have side effects that may include the following:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
  • Weight gain or weight loss
  • Short-term memory loss

If someone is worried that they or somebody they know may have depression with psychosis, they should speak with a healthcare provider, as soon as possible. People often respond well to treatments and make a good recovery.

flu-featured image


What is Flu?

It is a viral infection that attacks the respiratory tract including the nose, throat, and lungs. It is also known as influenza. For most individuals, it resolves on its own but sometimes it may prove fatal.


Influenza virus can travel through the droplets in the air when someone talks, sneezes, or coughs. You may directly inhale the droplets or get them by touching the object such as telephone, newspaper, or keyboard and then transfer them to your mouth, nose, or eyes. If you had the infection in the past your body has already made antibodies against it. So, if the virus attack again your body can fight the infection more efficiently, but the antibodies level can drop with time.

flu-effect on body


  • Fever
  • Sweating with chills
  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Pain in the eyes or the periorbital areas.
  • Diarrhea and vomiting
  • Cough
  • Sore Throat
  • Pain in muscles and body
  • Headache
  • Tiredness or fatigue
  • Low appetite
flu-sign & symptoms


  • Pneumonia
  • Myocarditis-inflammation of the heart muscles
  • Encephalitis-brain
  • Myositis-muscle tissue
  • Multi-failure organ including the kidneys and lungs.
  • Bronchitis
  • Asthma
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Sepsis


  • People at extreme levels of ages are more prone to get the infection like up to 65 years old adults, pregnant women, or children younger than 2 years.
  • People have a weak immune system.
  • Native Americans
  • People have interaction with care facilities for the long term.
  • People have chronic diseases like kidneys disease, liver disease, diabetes, asthma, etc.
  • The obese person has a body mass of 40 or greater than that.
  • People younger than 18 years of age who are taking aspirin for a long time are more prone to get Reye’s syndrome if they get infected with the influenza virus.


For diagnosis purposes, medical officers first ask the medical history and the sign and symptoms.

There are several tests to confirm the flu. For this purpose, the health care provider will swipe inside the nose to the back of the throat with the cotton swab. Then this swab will be tested for the virus.


  • Bluish face and lips
  • Pain in the chest
  • Dehydration that causes no urination for about 8 hours, dry mouth, and no tear production.
  • Seizures attack
  • Temperature above 104
  • Unconsciousness
  • Not alert situation
  • Increased in breathing rate, Trouble in breathing.
  • Shortness of breath- dyspnea
  • Continues pain in the chest or at the abdomen level.
  • Seizure attack
  • Unsteadiness or weakness
  • No urination.


Following precautionary measures can be taken to prevent the disease.

  • Wash your hands for about 10 to 20 seconds to prevent various infections.
  • Use alcohol-based sanitizer to kill the germs.
  • Cough or sneeze on your elbow or the tissue rather than on the hands.
  • Take more sleep and rest, this helps your immune system to fight infections.
  • Take plenty of fluids and water to prevent the dehydrating condition
  • Stop smoking.
  • Regularly clean the surfaces you often come in contact with, this helps to reduce the chances of getting an infection.
  • Try to keep social distancing.
  • Flu has more chances to spread through a crowded area like office buildings, public transportation, auditoriums, schools, etc. By avoiding going to such areas during peak flu season reduces the chances of infection to the maximum extent.


  • Anti-viral drugs are given to treat the condition.
  • Some painkillers help to manage body pains and aches.
  • Go and get the flu vaccine every year.
  • People with mild signs and symptoms must stay home, take rest and drink plenty of water and avoid getting in contact with others.

But for severe symptoms do visit a health care provider or doctor to minimize the chances of getting other influenza-related complications.

stomach illness



Those problems that cause discomfort and pain in the chest are often called stomach problems. Most issues are related to the digestive tract, symptoms are also due to the condition of the urinary tract, body wall, reproductive tract, body wall, or organs of the chest.

Generalized stomach issues may be related to infection, inflammation, or diet. In women, these problems are maybe due to infection or menstrual cycle. Problems related to the upper gastrointestinal tract and stomach include Hiatal hernias, GERD, gastritis, peptic ulcer, heartburn, or blenching.


Symptoms may aggravate when in a supine lying position or due to certain food.

  • Abdominal swelling
  • Fever
  • Pain
  • Numbness
  • Rash
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Tingling
  • Cough
  • Enlarged glands and liver such as lymph nodes and spleen.
Serious symptoms that prove life-threatening
  • Chest tightness, chest pressure, palpitations, chest pain.
  • High Fever
  • Bowel movements associated with vomiting
  • Increase heart rate or tachycardia
  • Seizures attack
  • Trauma to the pelvis and abdomen
  • Bloody stool, blood in vomiting, bleeding from the rectum.
  • Breathing problems such as wheezing, shortness of breath, choking, or labored breathing.
  • Unresponsiveness or passing out.
stomach illness symptoms


  • Gallbladder stones or disease
  • Celiac disease
  • Diverticulitis
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Gastritis
  • Irritable bowel disease
  • Hepatitis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Ulcers of the duodenum or stomach
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Viral, bacterial, or parasitic infection.
  • Hiatal or abdominal hernia
  • Endometriosis
  • Cancer of abdomen
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Kidney stones
  • Pneumonia
  • Pleurisy
  • Urinary tract infection
stomach causes


  • Internal hemorrhage
  • Bowel infarction
  • Organ dysfunction or failure
  • Spread of infection
  • Spread of cancer
stomach illness complications


  • Make a habit of taking small bites and chewing them well, you may add gases to the stomach that can cause stomach pain.
  • Try to avoid eating too much spicy, fried or fatty food, they can even cause constipation.
  • Eat nutritious food full of fibers and vegetables, this makes the metabolism at a healthy speed.
  • If your stomach cramps after taking dairy products or drinking milk you might have lactose intolerance. In this case, try to eat less or stay away from such type of food.
  • Try to stay away from caffeinated and alcoholic beverages this can lead to gas and cause stomach pain.
  • Wash or sanitize your hands to stop the spreading of germs.
  • Manage and ease stress by getting engaged in hobbies, going meditating, and doing regular exercise.

If your symptoms get aggravate consult doctor as soon as possible.

lungs cancer featured image



It is a type of cancer that starts from the lungs. Your lungs are organs present in the chest that inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide. It is the main leading cause of death throughout the world.

Individuals who tend to smoke have a higher risk of getting lung cancer as compared to those who never smoked.


Lung cancer may occur in individuals who smoke but also occur in individuals who did not smoke but are exposed to passive smoking for a long time.


  • Weight loss
  • Pain in bones
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Problem when swallowing
  • Swelling in face
  • Wheezing
  • Discomfort
  • Headache
  • Cough that is new and does not go away.
  • Blood in coughing
lungs cancer-symptoms


When your symptoms get worsen and you are unable to quit smoking, your doctor will help you to make strategies that quit smoking


  • Exposure to passive smoking, radon gas, asbestos, and carcinogens.
  • Family history.
  • Smoking.


  • Blood in coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pleural effusion
  • Cancer that spreads to other parts of the body also.
lungs cancer-complications


  • Family history
  • Physical exam
  • Medical history including the symptoms
  • Lab tests, including the blood and sputum
  • Biopsy of lungs


  • Don’t Smoke.
  • If you are a smoker and try to quit smoking, this reduces the chances of lung cancer.
  • If you work or live with a second-hand smoker then urge him or her to smoke outside, this is because passive smoking in long run may cause cancer.
  • Have a test for radon in your house.
  • Take precautionary measures and protect yourself from toxic chemicals.
  • Take care of your diet. Eat a diet that contains the proper proportion of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
  • Avoid taking a large amount of vitamins pills as this may turn harmful in long term.
  • Make a habit of doing exercise for two to three days a week.
how to prevent lung cancer


Lung cancer treatment depends on its severity which includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, laser therapy, etc.

If your symptoms are getting worsen consult doctor as soon as possible.

dengue featured image


What is DENGUE ?

Dengue is a kind of virus transmitted through the bite of a mosquito known as the Aedes species. Nowadays dengue is considered the leading cause of illness in high-risk areas. Each year about 400 million individuals get infected by dengue and 40,000 die because of it.

Mild dengue fever condition may cause high fever while severe dengue fever (known as dengue hemorrhagic fever) can cause shock (sudden drop in blood pressure), serious bleeding, or eventually death.


  • Fever
  • Bone pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting (at least three times within a day)
  • Headache
  • Aches
  • Bleeding from gums and nose
  • Rash
  • Muscular pain
  • Swollen glands
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Laboratory findings of rapid decrease in platelet counts.

Symptoms usually last about for 2-7 days after that they recover from it.

signs and symptoms


There are four serotypes of dengue that can cause an infection that including (DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, AND DENV-4).


Mosquito to Human

The infection is communicated from mosquitoes to people through the bites of currently tainted female mosquitoes mostly the Aedes Aegypti mosquito. The virus starts its replication process inside the midgut of the mosquito. The extrinsic incubation period (EIP) requires an average temperature of 25-28 degrees Celsius and a time of about 8-12 days. If the mosquito gets infected for one time, becomes able to transmit infection for the rest of its life.

Human to Mosquito

Don’t only the humans, mosquito also gets infected from the people that have DENV in the bloodstream.

  • Symptomatic infection
  • Pre-symptomatic infection
  • Asymptomatic (people with no apparent symptoms).


Dengue outbreak is more rapidly occurring in countries like Africa, America, Asia, Middle East, western pacific islands, Southeast, etc. About 141 countries are affected.

Dengue fever in the past. Previous interaction with dengue fever increases the chances to get the problem again.

How do people get infected?


Severe dengue can result in internal bleeding, shock, or even death of the patient. Pregnant women, the elderly population, and infants are more likely to get this condition. It may prove fatal within a few hours and sometimes require care at the hospital.

In this case, you may need

  • Electrolyte replacement
  • Intravenous (IV Fluid)
  • Regular monitoring of blood pressure
  • Transfusions in case of blood loss replacement.


  • Organ impairment
  • Plasma leakage
  • Severe Bleeding
  • Damage to lungs and liver
  • Seizures
  • Blood Clots
  • Brain damage
  • Shock
  • Damage to the lymphatic system
  • Circulatory system failure.
dengue complications


  • No vaccine available until today for dengue fever instead only avoiding mosquito bites can prevent it.
  • Dengue breeding is more favorable in clean and stagnant water, covering all the water storage containers or placing them under shelter.
  • Prevent the accumulation of water in the soil surface of potted plants.
  • Use insecticide sprays in the home.
  • Clearwater if any, in the air cooling units.
  • Wear clothing like long sleeve shirts and pants that cover the part of the body.
  • Use insects or mosquito repellents both outside and inside the home.
  • If you are sleeping outside, try to sleep inside the mosquito bed net.
  • Use windows and doors screens that help to keep the mosquitoes out.
  • Avoid using heavily scented perfumes or soaps as they may attract mosquitoes towards them.
  • Try avoiding outside for so long especially during early evening or dawn or dusk timings.
  • Regularly clean and scrub the vase or remove extra water inside it.
  • Prevent leaves from blocking areas that may make the water stagnant.
  • The living area must be clean and tidy.
  • Cover the wet garbage bin and do keep it separate.
  • Use anti mosquitoes racket killer to get rid of dengue and other mosquitoes.
  • Try to dry your wet garments as soon as possible and keep them away from the dry ones.
  • It’s not about keeping your house clean only it involves the cleaning and precautionary measures implementation to the area and city. During the rainy season if you find any of the gutter not being cleaned or heavily filled with water inform your community head or residence welfare association to take the necessary steps.
  • If you are having early symptoms of fever, headache, joint and muscle pain do consult your primary physician as soon as possible.


Person-to-person transmission cannot take place however the pregnant women can transmit the disease to the offspring. Such babies are more prone to pre-term birth, fetal distress, or low birth weight.


Blood tests are done to check the level of antibodies and the presence of infection. A doctor may use a serological or virological test to identify the issue.


Severe dengue may prove fatal if it lefts are untreated. Seek medical attention immediately if you have recently visited an area that is at high risk of dengue. Warning signs include blood from the gums and nose, stools or vomiting, pain in the stomach, or difficulty in breathing.


There is no specific medicine related to the treatment of dengue. However, we can treat and overcome the symptoms by taking precautionary measures.

If you think that you have dengue fever and the symptoms are mild then take a rest, stay hydrated and drink a lot fluid as possible.

Prevent Dengue

prevent dengue
Eye care

Clean your eyes with pure cold water regularly.

4 Feb 2019 News

Clean your eyes with pure cold water regularly. This is one of the best ways to keep eyes healthy & disease free. Avoid Looking directly at the sun, artificial light or shining objects. Direct rays of bright light can damage the retina. Roll your eyes up & down & then side to side. Now move your eyes in a circular motion. Repeat this exercise five to ten times to relax your eyes. Maintain a good distance from the computer screen- sit approximately 22 to 28 inches away from it. Sitting too close or too far may increase the strain on eyes.

lab test

Japanese professor did surprising research.

Japanese professor did surprising research.

  1. Acidity not only caused by diet errors, but more dominated because of stress.
  2. Hypertension not only caused by too much consumption of salty foods, but mainly because of errors in managing emotions.
  3. Cholesterol is not only caused by fatty foods, but the excessive laziness is more responsible.
  4. Asthma not only because of the disruption of oxygen supply to lungs, but often sad feelings make lungs unstable.
  5. Diabetes not only because of too much consumption of glucose, but selfish & stubborn attitude disrupts the function of the pancreas.

Read More
operation theater

Pakistan’s first mechanical heart transplant successfully performed in Karachi

17 Dec 2018 News

Pakistan’s first mechanical heart transplant successfully performed in Karachi

Pakistani doctors on 9Th July18 performed first-ever mechanical heart transplant at Karachi’s National Institute of Cardio Vascular Diseases (NICVD).

62-year-old Nafeesa Begum was the first patient to undergo this surgery and receive a mechanical heart transplant.

Dr. Hameedullah Malik of NICVD said the woman’s heart was only 15 percent functional prior to the surgery but all her other organs were working fine.

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